Configure Postfix as a Relay Server – Let’s do it!!
Do you want to configure Postfix as a Relay Server? We can help you do it.
Configuring Postfix as a Relay Server prevents emails from being categorized as Spam and used to send and receive the emails.
At Bobcares, we often get requests to configure Postfix to send email using an external SMTP as a relay server as part of our Server Management Services.
Today, let’s get into the details of the relay server and see how our Support Engineers install and configure the Postfix as a relay server for emails.
How to install Postfix on a web server?
Postfix is the Mail transfer agent that is used to send and receive an email. The main reason for configuring the Postfix server to a relay server is to avoid the current IP address to be added in the Spam category.
Before configuring Postfix as a Relay Server we need to install the Postfix. To install Postfix on the Web sever we follow the below steps.
1. We install Postfix by running the below command in the server.
sudo apt-get install postfix
2. During the installation process, a pop-up will appear asking for the General type of mail configuration. In that, we select Internet Site.
3. Then we enter the fully qualified name of the domain, www.abc.com.
4. After that, we open the /etc/postfix/main.cf file.
sudo nano /etc/postfix/main.cf
Here we make sure that myhostname is set as a fully qualified domain name.
myhostname = www.abc.com
Then we save the /etc/postfix/main.cf file.
How to Configure Postfix as a Relay Server?
After installing the Postfix, we have to configure the SMTP Usernames and Password. Let’s discuss how our Support Engineers configure it to send and receive an email for our customers.
The Usernames and passwords are stored in a file named sasl_passwd in the /etc/postfix/ directory. Here we add the external mail provider credentials to this file and to Postfix.
1. Firstly we open the /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd file.
$ sudo nano /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
2. Then in the following format, we add our destination SMTP Host, username, and password.
3. After that, we create the hash db file for Postfix by the postmap command.
sudo postmap /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
4. Then we change the permission of the sasl_passwd.db file.
sudo chown root:root /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd.db sudo chmod 0600 /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd.db
5. After setting the permission, we open the /etc/postfix/main.cf file.
6. Then we update the relayhost parameter.
relayhost = [mail.isp.example]:587
If we specified a non-default TCP port in the sasl_passwd file, then we must use the same port when configuring the relay host parameter.
7. To enable the authentication we add the following parameters at the end of the /etc/postfix/main.cf file.
# enable SASL authentication smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes # disallow methods that allow anonymous authentication. smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous # where to find sasl_passwd smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd # Enable STARTTLS encryption smtp_use_tls = yes # where to find CA certificates smtp_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
8. After saving the changes we restart the Postfix.
sudo service postfix restart
[Need assistance to configure Postfix as a Relay Server? – We can help you.]
In short, configuring Postfix as a Relay Server prevents emails from being categorized as Spam and it is used to send and receive the emails. Also, we’ve discussed how our Support Engineers configure it for our customers.