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Enable FirewallD logging for denied packets on Linux – How we do it

by | Feb 22, 2021

Wondering how to enable FirewallD logging for denied packets on Linux? We can help you with it.

Here at Bobcares, we have seen several such FirewallD related queries as part of our Server Management Services for web hosts and online service providers.

Today we’ll take a look at how to enable FirewallD logging for denied packets on Linux.


How to enable FirewallD logging for denied packets on Linux

Now let’s take a look at how our Support Engineers enable the FirewallD logging.

In the /etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf file, we can set LogDenied options. Another option is to use the firewall-cmd command. After enabling it, the Linux system will log all the packets that are rejected or dropped by FirewallD. There are multiple methods to enable FirewallD logging. They are:

1. firewalld.conf method
2. firewall-cmd method
3. firewall-config method


1. Configuring logging for denied packets {firewalld.conf method}

First, we edit the /etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf.

sudo vi /etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf

In this file, we find the below code.


Then we replace it with below:


After that, we save and close the file. Then we restart the FirewallD service by running the below command.

sudo systemctl restart firewalld.service

The LogDenied option is turned off by default. The LogDenied option turns on logging rules right before reject and drop rules in the INPUT, FORWARD, and OUTPUT chains for the default rules and also final reject and drop rules in zones. The possible values are all, unicast, broadcast, multicast, and off.

For shell scripts we can use the combination of the grep command and sed command as below:

grep '^LogDenied' /etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf
grep -q -i '^LogDenied=off' /etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf && echo "Change it" || echo "No need to change"
grep -q -i '^LogDenied=off' /etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf | sed -i'Backup' 's/LogDenied=off/LogDenied=all/' /etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf


2. Firewalld enable logging {firewall-cmd method} on Linux

First, we find and list the actual LogDenied settings

sudo firewall-cmd --get-log-denied

Next, we change the actual LogDenied settings

sudo firewall-cmd --set-log-denied=all

After that, we verify it by running the below command.

sudo firewall-cmd --get-log-denied


3. Enable FirewallD log using a GUI configuration tool {firewall-config method}

Fedora or CentOS or OpenSUSE desktop users can try the GUI method.

First, we open the terminal window and then open the FirewallD GUI configuration tool. In other words, start firewall-config as follows:


Now, we find and click the “Options” menu and select the “Change Log Denied” option. Here, we choose the new LogDenied setting from the menu and click OK.


How to view denied packets?

In order to view the denied packets, we run the below command.

journalctl -x -e

Or else, we use the combination of dmesg and grep as follows:

dmesg | grep -i REJECT


How to log all dropped packets to /var/log/firewalld-droppd.log file

First, we create a new config file called /etc/rsyslog.d/firewalld-droppd.conf on the CentOS/RHEL v7/8 server.

$ sudo vim /etc/rsyslog.d/firewalld-droppd.conf

Then we append the following configuration

:msg,contains,"_DROP" /var/log/firewalld-droppd.log
:msg,contains,"_REJECT" /var/log/firewalld-droppd.log
& stop
$ sudo systemctl restart rsyslog.service

Finally, we can watch the log using the cat command/grep command/egrep command or tail command:

$ sudo tail -f /var/log/firewalld-droppd.log

[Need any further assistance with FirewallD related queries? – We are here to help you.]



It is an important task to keep an eye on the rejected and dropped packets using FirewallD for Linux system administrators. In today’s writeup, we saw how our Support Engineers enable FirewallD logging for denied packets on Linux.


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