Call Us! 1-800-383-5193
Call Us! 1-800-383-5193
Call Us! 1-800-383-5193

Need Help?

Emergency Response Time custom

Our experts have had an average response time of 11.06 minutes in March 2021 to fix urgent issues.

We will keep your servers stable, secure and fast at all times for one fixed price.

SQLSTATE42000 syntax error or access violation – How we sort it out

by | Feb 4, 2021

“sqlstate42000 syntax error or access violation” error occurs due to any syntax error or extra space or no space in the user’s SQL query.

We’ve seen many of our customers come across this error while running a script after they have restored a database.

However, the best part is that if there is any syntax error, it specifies the line number to identify the exact location of the error easily. Syntax error in the SQL query may include improper entries of extra space or no space, etc.

Here at Bobcares, we have seen several such SQL related errors as part of our Server Management Services for web hosts and online service providers.

Today we’ll take a look at how to fix this SQL error.


How we fix ‘sqlstate42000 syntax error or access violation’

Now, let’s see the major reasons and how our Support Engineers fix this error by correcting the syntax problems.

Many customers approached us with the error, ‘sqlstate[42000] syntax error or access violation’.

sqlstate42000 syntax error or access violation

On detailed analysis, we could trace that in most cases the error happens due to the wrong syntax entry.

Some common syntax mistakes we investigated are listed as following.


Missing parenthesis

One of our customers approached us with the error ‘sqlstate[42000] syntax error or access violation’. On further analysis with the code, we traced that, the problem arose due to missing parenthesis.

For instance, the code is as follows.

B::query(Database::SELECT, 'SELECT COUNT(*) as `count`,`region`, MONTHNAME(`date`) as`month`
FROM tempur_stores.stats
AND `date` < DATE(NOW())
GROUP BY `region`, MONTH(`date`');

Here, in the last line, we could see that a missing parenthesis ‘)’. We then Just put a parenthesis ) before that apostrophe(after ‘date’) and the error got fixed.


Missing backticks (`)

Another customer was facing the same error after adding details to the database.

After going through the code we traced that in the syntax there were missing backticks at relevant places.

For instance, a small part of the code is as follows.

$query1 = "INSERT INTO order (order_details, order_address, customer_id, customer_name, delivery_type, paid) VALUES(:details,:address,:d,:name,:delivery,:paid);";
$sql->bindParam(':details', $details);

Here, the order is a reserved keyword. We have to add backticks ` around it to use it. After adding the backticks, the code worked properly.


Extra space or no space

Additionally, in some cases, we could see extra space or no space added in syntax which resulted in this error. On removing such entries the error ‘sqlstate[42000] syntax error or access violation’ got resolved.

[Still, having the problem with ‘sqlstate42000 syntax error or access violation’?- We’re available to help you]



In short, ‘sqlstate42000 syntax error or access violation’ occurs mainly due to wrong syntax entry or extra space or no space in the user’s SQL query. Today, we saw how our Support Engineers help the customers to resolve this error.


Never again lose customers to poor server speed! Let us help you.

Our server experts will monitor & maintain your server 24/7 so that it remains lightning fast and secure.


var google_conversion_label = "owonCMyG5nEQ0aD71QM";


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Privacy Preference Center


Necessary cookies help make a website usable by enabling basic functions like page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. The website cannot function properly without these cookies.

PHPSESSID - Preserves user session state across page requests.

gdpr[consent_types] - Used to store user consents.

gdpr[allowed_cookies] - Used to store user allowed cookies.

PHPSESSID, gdpr[consent_types], gdpr[allowed_cookies]


Statistic cookies help website owners to understand how visitors interact with websites by collecting and reporting information anonymously.

_ga - Preserves user session state across page requests.

_gat - Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate

_gid - Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how you use the website.

smartlookCookie - Used to collect user device and location information of the site visitors to improve the websites User Experience.

_ga, _gat, _gid
_ga, _gat, _gid


Marketing cookies are used to track visitors across websites. The intention is to display ads that are relevant and engaging for the individual user and thereby more valuable for publishers and third party advertisers.

IDE - Used by Google DoubleClick to register and report the website user's actions after viewing or clicking one of the advertiser's ads with the purpose of measuring the efficacy of an ad and to present targeted ads to the user.

test_cookie - Used to check if the user's browser supports cookies.

1P_JAR - Google cookie. These cookies are used to collect website statistics and track conversion rates.

NID - Registers a unique ID that identifies a returning user's device. The ID is used for serving ads that are most relevant to the user.

DV - Google ad personalisation

IDE, test_cookie, 1P_JAR, NID, DV, NID
IDE, test_cookie


These are essential site cookies, used by the google reCAPTCHA. These cookies use an unique identifier to verify if a visitor is human or a bot.